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CE Syllabus

CE Syllabus

Courses for BTech Chemical Engineering     

                                                                                                        

Transport Phenomenon

Introduction. Vector and Tensor analysis. Molecular Transport Mechanisms. Newton’s Law of Viscosity. Fourier’s Law of Heat Conduction. Fick’s Law of Diffusion. Transport in Laminar Flow or in Solids in One Dimension. Development of Continuity (conservation) Equations.Velocity, Temperature and Concentration Profiles. Equations of Change for Isothermal, Non-isothermal and Multi-component Systems. Equations of Motion for Free and Forced Convection (Heat / Mass). Momentum, Energy and Mass Transport in Boundary Layers with relevant analogies. Inter-phase / Unsteady State Momentum, Energy and Mass Transport.

 

Text/ Reference Books:

  • R. B. Bird, W. E. Stewart, E. N. Lightfoot, Transport Phenomena, 2nd Ed., Wiley, 2006
  • F. P. Incropera, D. P. Dewitt, Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer, 5th Ed., John Wiley & Sons Inc., 2010
  • P. J. Pritchard, R. W. Fox, A. T. McDonald, Introduction to Fluid Mechanics, 8th Ed., John Wiley & Sons Inc., 2011
  • E. L. Cussler, Diffusion: Mass Transfer in Fluid Systems, 3rd Ed., Cambridge University Press, 2009

 

Heat Transfer

INTRODUCTION – Typical heat transfer situations, Modes of heat transfer, Introduction to laws. CONDUCTION – Fourier’s law and thermal conductivity, Differential equation of heat conduction, boundary conditions and initial conditions, one dimensional steady state situations – plane wall, cylinder, sphere (simple and complex situations), concept of thermal resistance, critical radius, heat generation, pin fins, Two dimensional steady state situations, transient conduction, Lumped capacitance model, Heisler charts, Numerical methods in conduction, Steady state one dimensional and two dimensional problems. RADIATION – Basic ideas, spectrum, basic definitions, Laws of radiation, black body radiation, Planck’s law, Stefan Boltzman law, Wien’s Displacement law, Lambert cosine law, Radiation exchange between black surfaces, shape factor, Radiation exchange between gray surfaces, radiosity-Irradiation method, Parallel plates. FORCED CONVECTION –Concepts of fluid mechanics, Differential equation of heat convection, Laminar flow heat transfer in circular pipe – constant heat flux and constant wall temperature, thermal entrance region, Turbulent flow heat transfer in circular pipe, pipes of other cross sections, Heat transfer in laminar flow and turbulent flow over a flat plate, Reynolds analogy, Flow across a cylinder and sphere, flow across banks of tubes, impinging jets NATURAL CONVECTION – Introduction, governing equations, Vertical plate - Pohlhausen solution, horizontal cylinder, horizontal plate, enclosed spaces HEAT EXCHANGERS – Types of heat exchangers, LMTD approach – parallel, counter flow, multi-pass and cross flow heat exchanger, NTU approach – parallel, counter-flow, shell and tube, cross-flow heat exchanger CONDENSATION AND BOILING – Dimensionless parameters, boiling modes, correlations, forced convection boiling, laminar film condensation on a vertical plate, turbulent film condensation

 

Text/ Reference Books:

  • D. Q. Kern, Process Heat Transfer, 1 st Ed., Mc-Graw Hill, 2001
  • S. P. Sukhatme, A Text Book of Heat Transfer, 4 th Ed., Universities press, 2005
  • J. P. Holman, Heat Transfer, 8 th Ed., Mc-Graw Hill, 1996
  • W. L. McCabe, J. C. Smith and P. Harriott, Unit Operations of Chemical Engineering, 7 th Ed., Mc-Graw Hill, 2005
  • G. G. Brown, Unit Operations, 1 st Ed., CBS, 2005
  • W. H. McAdams, Heat Transmission, 2 nd revised Ed., Mc-Graw Hill, 1973
  • H. Martin, Heat exchangers, 1 st Ed., CRC press, 1988

 

Materials & Energy Balances

Mathematical and Engineering Calculations, Units and Dimensions, Material Balance.Solving Material Balance problems with and without Chemical Reaction.Recycle, Bypass and Purge Calculations, Combustion, Ideal Gas Behavior, Vapor Pressure, Cox Chart, During Plot, Humidity and Saturation.Energy Balances: Heat of Reaction, Heat of Combination, Heat of Formation, Heat of Vaporization, Enthalpy Changes, basics and phase and chemical reaction equilibrium, degree of freedom analysis, and use of spreadsheet software.

 

Text/ Reference Books:

  • Richard M. Felder and Ronald W. Rousseau, Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes, Third Edition, John Wiley & Sons, INC. (2000).
  • David M. Himmelblau, Basic Principles and Calculations in Chemical Engineering, Prentice Hall of India Private Limited.
  • B. I. Bhatt and S. M. Vora, Stoichiometry, Fourth Edition, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited (2004).

 

Chemical Reaction Engineering- I

Introduction to rate equations, calculation of conversion in singlereaction, kinetics of homogeneous reactions. Derivation of reactordesign equations, analysis and sizing of reactors, data collectionand plotting to determine rate constants. Reactor networks (series/parallel), concepts of selectivity and yield, reaction mechanisms.Temperature and pressure effects on reactions and reactor design,simultaneous material and energy balances, multiple steady-states.

Residence time distributions in non ideal reactors.

 

Text/ Reference Books:

  • O. Levenspiel, Chemical Reaction Engineering, 3rd Edn, Wiley & Sons (1999).
  • Fogler, H.S., 1999, Elements of Chemical Reaction Engineering, 3rd Ed., Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs.
  • Froment, G.B., and K.B. Bischoff, 1990, Chemical Reactor Analysis and Design, 2nd Ed., Wiley, New York.
  • C.G. Hill Jr., 1977, An Introduction to Chemical Engineering Kinetics and Reactor Design, John Wiley &Sons,New York.
  • Carberry, J.J., 1976, Chemical and Catalytic Reaction Engineering, McGraw-Hill, New York.
  • Smith, J.M., 1981, Chemical Engineering Kinetics, 3rd Ed., McGraw-Hill, New York.
  • Kunii, D &Levenspiel, O, Fluidization Engineering, 2nd Edn. B&H, Boston.

 

Fluid Mechanics

Introduction, Types of fluids, Non-Newtonian viscosity, Dimensional Analysis (Buckingham PI theorem), Fluid statics, Hydrostatic force on submerged bodies, Rigid body motion, Kinematics of flow - Eulerian and Lagrangian descriptions, Integral analysis - mass and momentum balances, Bernoulli equation, Differential analysis of flow, Conservation of mass, linear and angular momentum, Navier-Stokes equation, Unidirectional flow, Viscous flow, Turbulent flow, Skin friction and form friction, Friction factor, Flow through pipes and ducts, Potential flow, Boundary layer theory, Boundary layer separation, Flow around immersed bodies, Drag & Lift, Flow through Packed and Fluidized Beds, Compressible flow, Flow measurement, Fluid transportation - pumps, blowers and compressors.

 

Text/ Reference Books:

  • W. L. McCabe, J. C. Smith, P. Harriott, Unit Operations of Chemical Engineering, 7 th Ed., Mc-Graw Hill, 2005
  •  R. W. Fox, A. T. McDonald, P. J. Pritchard, Introduction to Fluid Mechanics, 7 th Ed., Wiley, 2009
  • V. Gupta and S. K. Gupta, Fluid Mechanics and its Applications, 3 rd Ed., New Academic Science Ltd, 2012
  • M. Denn, Process Fluid Mechanics, Prentice Hall, 1979
  • V. L. Streeter, Fluid Mechanics, 5 th Ed., Mc-Graw Hill, 1971
  • R. B. Bird, W. E. Stewart and E. N. Lightfoot, Transport Phenomena, 2 nd Ed., Wiley, 2006

 

Mass Transfer- I

Diffusion: Molecular Diffusion, Fick’s law, Gas-Phase Diffusion Coefficient. Convective Mass Transfer: Mass Transfer Coefficient - types, correlations; Eddy Diffusion; Theories of Mass Transfer. Inter-phase Mass Transfer: Equilibrium; Raoult’s and Henry’s Law; Mass Transfer between Two Phases; The Overall Mass Transfer Coefficient. Gas-Liquid Contacting Equipment: Introduction; Types – Tray or Plate, Agitated Vessel, Bubble Column, Packed Column, Spray tower etc.; Flooding in a Packed Tower. Gas Absorption and Stripping: Equilibrium in gas-Liquid Systems; Selection of Solvent; Design of Packed Tower; Correlations for Mass Transfer Coefficient; Determination of Number of Stages in Tray Tower; HETP. Distillation: Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium; Enthalpy-Concentration Diagram; Flash Vaporization; Steam Distillation; Batch Distillation; Continuous Multistage Fractionation; McCabe-Thiele Method; Ponchon-Savarit Method. Liquid-Liquid Extraction: Liquid-Liquid Equilibrium; Examples of Solvent Extraction; Solvent Selection; Design Calculations. Solid-Liquid Extraction/Leaching: Rate, Solid-Liquid Contacting – Strategy, Equilibrium, Equipment; Calculations.

 

Text/ Reference Books:

  • R. E. Treybal, Mass Transfer Operations, 3rd Ed., McGraw Hill, 1983 2.
  • B. K. Dutta, Principles of Mass Transfer and Separation Processes, 8th Printing, PHI Learning Private Limited, 2015
  • S. Foust, Principles of Unit Operations, 2nd Ed., Wiley, 1980
  • C.J. Geankoplis, Transport Processes and Unit Operations, 3rd Ed., Prentice Hall India, 1993

 

 

Process Control and Instrumentation

Principles of measurement, principles of transductions, Measurement of pressure, Temperature Level and flow measuring devices, composition measurements, selection of sensors, Electrical/Electronic/PLC control systems. Laplace Transform and Properties. Introduction to system dynamics, concept of dynamic response, linear systems, first, second and higher order system, systems with dead time. Definition of terms such as transfer function, time constant, gain of the process with practical examples. Response of the process to standard inputs. Introduction to process control: set point, disturbance, closed loop and open loop control, feedback and feed forward configurations, types of controllers including PI, PD and PID. Poles and zeros of the transfer functions. The effects of controller action on process response: offset, closed-loop gain, controller gain effect of controller parameters. Stability Analysis including Routh Test. Design of controllers using open loop response, Ziegler-Nichols approach, experimental determination of process model. Introduction of frequency response technique: Design of controllers using frequency response technique, analysis of the systems for stability, Bode stability criterion. Multiple loop control systems, cascade control design, ratio control, feed forward control designs. Introduction to multivariable control system, Control strategies for common industrial processes such distillation, heat exchangers, etc. Control strategies for Batch processes.

 

Text/ Reference Books:

  • D. R. Coughanowr, B. K. Lowell, Process systems analysis and control, 2nd Ed. McGraw-Hill, 1991
  • G. Stephanopoulos, Chemical process control: An introduction to theory and practice, PTR Prentice Hall Inc., 2008
  • W. L. Luyben, Process Modelling, Simulation and Control for Chemical Engineers, 2 Sub Ed., McGraw Hill, 1989

 

Chemical Reaction Engineering- II

Definition of catalysis, homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis.Adsorption on catalytic surfaces, kinetic models, catalyst preparation,physical characterization of catalysts, supported metal catalysts.Mass transfer and internal diffusion effects in catalytic reactions,Thiele modulus and effectiveness factor, falsification of kinetics,catalyst deactivation.Packed bed reactor design, introduction to other multiphase reactors, gas liquid reactors and enhancement factor. Gas-solid non-catalytic reactions.

 

Text/ Reference Books:

  • O. Levenspiel, Chemical Reaction Engineering, 3rd Edn, Wiley & Sons (1999).
  • Fogler, H.S., Elements of ChemicalReaction Engineering, 3rd Ed.,Prentice-Hall,Englewood Cliffs 1999.
  • Froment, G.B., and K.B. Bischoff, Chemical Reactor Analysis and Design, 2nd Ed., Wiley, New York. 
  •  C.G. Hill Jr., An Introduction to Chemical Engineering Kinetics and Reactor Design, John Wiley & Sons, NewYork, 1977.
  • Carberry, J.J., Chemical and Catalytic Reaction Engineering, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1976.
  • Smith, J.M., Chemical Engineering Kinetics, 3rd Ed., McGraw-Hill, New York, 1981,.

 

Mass Transfer-II  

Humidification/Dehumidification: Terminology and Definitions; Psychometric Chart; Cooling Towers. Drying of Solids: Mechanism, Equilibrium, Drying Rate curve, Drying Calculations, Classification of Dryers, Dryer Selection and Design. Crystallization: Solid-Liquid Phase Equilibrium, Nucleation and Crystal Growth, Crystal Size Distribution, Design of Crystallization Equipment. Adsorption: Adsorbents – Characteristics and Properties, Adsorption Equilibrium - Isotherms, Adsorbent Selection, Adsorption Equipment, Pressure Swing Adsorption, Ion Exchange, Chromatography. Membrane Separation: Membrane – Materials, Types, Preparation, Characterization and Modules, Reverse Osmosis, Dialysis, Micro Filtration, Ultra Filtration, Pervaporation. Multi Component Distillation: Key Component, Approximate Method of design.

 

Text/ Reference Books:

  • R. E. Treybal, Mass Transfer Operations, 3rd Ed., McGraw Hill, 1983
  • B. K. Dutta, Principles of Mass Transfer and Separation Processes, 8th Printing, PHI Learning Private Limited, 2015
  • A. S. Foust, Principles of Unit Operations, 2nd Ed., Wiley, 1980
  • C.J. Geankoplis, Transport Processes and Unit Operations, 3rd Ed., Prentice Hall India, 1993
  • W. L. McCabe, J. C. Smith, P. Harriott, Unit Operations of Chemical Engineering, 7th Ed., McGraw Hill, 2005

 

Process Plant Design and Economics

Input information and batch versus continuous; input-output structure of the flow sheet; recycle structure of the flow-sheet; application of separation system principles for case studies; application of heat exchanger network design principles for case studies; cost diagrams and quick screening of process alternatives; preliminary process optimization; process retrofitting. Equipment sizing and costing for different process units; Cost information, estimating capital and operating costs, total capital investment and total product costs, time value of money, measures of process profitability, simplifying economic analysis for conceptual designs, techno-economic feasibility report writing.

 

Text/ Reference Books:

  • J. Douglas, Conceptual Design of Chemical Processes, McGraw Hill, 1989
  • M. S. Peters, K.D. Timmerhaus, R. E. West, Plant Design and Economics for Chemical Engineers, 5th Ed., McGraw Hill Education, 2003
  • L.T. Biegler, I.E. Grossmann, A.W. Westerberg, Systematic Methods of Chemical Process Design, Prentice Hall, 1997
  • R. Smith, Chemical Process Design, McGraw Hill, 1995
  • E. E. Ludwig, Applied Project Engineering, 2nd Ed., Gulf Publishing Company, Houston, 1988

 

Elective Courses for BTech Chemical Engineering:

 

Fluid Particle Mechanics

Introduction of fluid mechanics; Fluid statics-Pressure distribution in a fluid; integral balances for a control volume - mass, energy and momentum balances.

Bernoulli equation; Differential balances (Navier-Stokes equations); viscous flow in a pipe, Friction factor, Introduction to turbulence, losses in pipe systems, Flow meters, Flow past immersed bodies, Introduction to turbulence.

Mixing and Agitation, Flow through packed and fluidized bed, Filtration, Compressible flows, Pumps and Compressors, Centrifuges & Cyclones.

 

Text/ Reference Books:

  • Frank M. White, Fluid Mechanics (Sixth Edition), Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi (2008).
  • J. O. Wilkes, Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineers, Prentice Hall (1999).
  • W. L. McCabe, W. L. Smith, and P. Harriot, Unit Operations of Chemical Engineering, McGraw-Hill International Edition (Sixth edition) (2001).
  • R. B. Bird, W. L. Stewart and E. L. Lightfoot, Transport Phenomena (Second edition), Wiley Singapore (2002).
  • M. M. Denn, Process Fluid Mechanics, Prentice Hall (1980).

 

Process Safety

Identification, classification and assessment of various types of hazards, Hazards due to fire, explosion, toxicity and radiation, Static Electricity, Protective and preventive measures in hazards control, Industrial Hygiene, Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment, Case Studies.

 

Text/ Reference Books:

  • F. P. Lees, Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, Vol. 1,2 and 3, Second Edition, Butterworth (1996).
  • Daniel A. Crowl and Joseph F. Louvar, Chemical Process Safety: Fundamentals with Applications, Prentice Hall (1990)
  • Sanjoy Banerjee, Industrial Hazards and Plant Safety, Taylor & Francis (2003).

 

Petroleum Refining Engineering

Composition of petroleum, laboratory tests, refinery products, characterization of crude oil. Design of crude oil distillation column. Catalytic cracking, catalytic reforming, delayed coking, furnace design, hydrogenation and hydrocracking, isomerization, alkylation and polymerization. Lube oil manufacturing. Energy conservation in petroleum refineries. New trends in petroleum refinery operations. Pyrolysis of naphtha and light hydrocarbons.

 

Text/ Reference Books:

  • Nelson, Wilbur L, Petroleum refining engineering,  McGraw-Hill
  • Houston, TX,: Gulf Publishing Company, Book Division.
  • Meyers, Robert Allen, and Robert Allen Meyers. Handbook of petroleum refining processes. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2004.
  • Speight, James G., and BakiOzum, eds. Petroleum refining processes. CRC Press, 2001.
  • Edmister, Wc, and B. I. Lee. "Applied Hydrocarbon Thermodynamics, Gulf Pub." Co., Houston (1961).

 

 

Solid and Hazardous Waste Management

Solid Wastes: Origin, Analysis, Composition and Characteristics. Integrated Solid Waste Management System: Collection, Storage, Segregation, Reuse and Recycling possibilities, Transportation, Treatment / Processing and Transformation Techniques, Final Disposal. Management of: Municipal, Biomedical, Nuclear, Electronic and Industrial Solid Wastes and the rules and regulations.

 

Text/ Reference Books:

  • Tchobanoglous,G., Theisen, H., and Vigil, S.A.Integrated Solid Waste Management, McGraw Hills, 1993.
  • Pichtel, J. Waste Management Practices, CEC Press, 2005.
  • Waltes, R.J. Hazardous Wastes - Sources, Pathways, Receptors, John Wiley and Sons.
  • Manuals, Rules and regulations in India for Municipal Solid Waste, Biomedical waste, flyash, nuclear waste, hazardous waste and E-waste, Government of India.

 

Petrochemicals Technology

Composition of petroleum: laboratory tests, refinery products, characterization of crude oil. Review of petrochemicals sector and Indian petrochemical industries in particular. Feed stocks for petrochemical industries and their sources. Overview of refining processes: catalytic cracking, reforming, delayed coking, Hydrogenation and Hydrocracking, Isomerization, Alkylation and polymerization, purification of gases, separation of aromatics by various techniques. Petrochemicals from methane, ethane, ethylene, acetylene, C3/C4 and higher hydrocarbons. Synthesis gas chemicals. Polymers from Olefins. Synthetic fibers, rubber, plastics and synthetic detergents. Energy conservation in petrochemical Industries. Pollution control in petrochemical industries. New trends in petrochemical industry. Planning and commissioning of a petrochemicals complex.

 

Text/ Reference Books:

  • Hatch, Lewis Frederic, and Sami Matar. From hydrocarbons to petrochemicals. Gulf Publishing Company, Book Division, 1981.
  • Meyers, Robert, and Robert Allen Meyers, eds. Handbook of petrochemicals production processes. McGraw-Hill Prof Med/Tech, 2005.
  • Spitz, Peter H. Petrochemicals: the rise of an industry. New York: Wiley, 1988.

 

Introduction to Biochemical Engineering

Basics of Biology, Overview of Biotechnology, Diversity in Microbial Cells, Cell Constituents, Chemicals for Life, Kinetics of Enzyme Catalysis, Immobilized Enzymes: effects of intra and inter-phase mass transfer on enzyme kinetics, Major Metabolic Pathways: Bioenergetics, Glucose Metabolism, Biosynthesis, Microbial Growth: Continuum and Stochastic Models. Design, Analysis and Stability of Bioreactors, Kinetics of Receptor-Ligand Binding, Receptor-mediated Endocytosis, Multiple Interacting Microbial Population: Prey-Predator Models, Bio-product Recovery & Bio-separations, Manufacture of Biochemical Products.

Text/ Reference Books:

  • Biochemical Engineering Fundamentals by J. E. Bailey & D. F. Ollis, McGraw Hill Book Company, 1986.
  • Biochemical Engineering by H. W. Blanch & D. S. Clark, Marcel Dekker, Inc., 1997.
  • Bioprocess Engineering (Basic Concepts) by M. L. Shuler & F. Kargi, Prentice Hall of India, 2003.

 

Process control and Dynamics

Introduction to process control; mathematical modeling: Development of mathematical models, Modeling considerations for control purposesDynamic behavior of chemical processes: Computer simulation and the linearization of nonlinear systems, Brief of Laplace transforms, Transfer functions and the input-output models, Dynamics and analysis of first, second and higher order systems.Feedback control structures: Concept of feedback control, Dynamics and analysis of feedback-controlled processes, Stability analysis, Controller design, Frequency response analysis and its applications.Advanced control schemes: Feedback control of systems with dead time or inverse response, Control systems with multiple loops, Feedforward and ratio control

 

Text/ Reference Books:

  • Stephanopoulos, G. "Chemical process control: an introduction to theory and practice," Prentice-Hall, New Delhi. (1984).
  • Seborg, D.E., Edgar, T.F. and Mellichamp, D.A. "Process dynamics and control," Wiley, New York. (2003).
  • Smith, C.A. and Corripio, A.B. "Principles and practice of automatic process control," Wiley, New York. (1997).
  • Johnson, C.D. "Process control instrumentation technology," Prentice-Hall, New Delhi. (2006).

 

Chemical Process Technology

Pulp and Paper: Raw materials, pulping processes, recovery of chemicals, stock preparation and paper making.Coal Chemicals: Variousprocesses for obtaining coal chemicals, coal tar distillation, F-T and Bergius processes for hydrocarbon production.Petrochemicals: Manufacturing processes of formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, acetic acid, acetic anhydride, maleic anhydride, nitrobenzene, ethylene oxide, ethylene glycol.Pesticides: Processes for manufacturing of insecticides, fungicides and herbicides.Fuel and Industrial Gases: Technology options of producing producer gas, syn gas, pyrogas, nitrogen, oxygen and carbon dioxide.Sulphur Industries: Origin and extraction of sulphur, production routes of suphuric acid and oleum. Phosphorous Industries: Manufacturing of phosphorus, phosphoric acid and phosphatic fertilizers. Chlor-Alkali Industries: Production of common salt, caustic soda, chlorine, hydrochloric acid and soda ash.Nitrogen Industries: Manufacturing of ammonia, nitric acid, nitrogenous and mixed fertilizersPetroleum Industry: Origin, occurrence and characteristics of crude oil, crude oil distillation and secondary processing. Polymer and Synthetic Fiber: Introduction to polymerization, commodity polymers, rayon, polyester, polyamide, acrylic fiber and nylons.

 

Text/ Reference Books:

  • Gopala Rao M. and Marshall S., "Dryden's Outlines of Chemical Technology - for the 21st Century", Edited by Affiliated East - West Press.
  • Moulijn J. K., Makkee M. and van Diepen A,. "Chemical Process Technology", Wiley.
  • Basta N., "Shreve's Chemical Process Industries Handbook", 5th Ed., McGraw Hill.

 

MTech Courses for Chemical Engineering:

Environmental Engineering

Introduction: Environment and environmental pollution from chemical process industries, characterization of emission and effluents, environmental Laws and rules, standards for ambient air, noise emission and effluents.Pollution Prevention: Process modification, alternative raw material, recovery of by co-product from industrial emission effluents, recycle and reuse of waste, energy recovery and waste utilization.Material and energy balance for pollution minimization. Water use minimization, Fugitive emission/effluents and leakages and their control-housekeeping and maintenance.Air Pollution Control: Particulate emission control by mechanical separation and electrostatic precipitation, wet gas scrubbing, gaseous emission control by absorption and adsorption, Design of cyclones, ESP, fabric filters and absorbers.Water Pollution Control: Physical treatment, pre-treatment, solids removal by setting and sedimentation, filtration centrifugation, coagulation and flocculation. Biological Treatment: Anaerobic and aerobic treatment biochemical kinetics, trickling filter, activated sludge and lagoons, aeration systems, sludge separation and drying.Solids Disposal: Solids waste disposal - composting, landfill, briquetting / gasification and incineration.

 

Text/ Reference Books:

  1. "Pollution Control Acts, Rules, Notifications issued there under" CPCB, Ministry of Env. and Forest, G.O.I., 3rd Ed. 2006.
  2. Vallero D; "Fundamentals of Air Pollution", 4 th Ed; Academic Press.
  3. Eckenfelder W.W; "Industrial Water Pollution Control", 2 Ed; McGraw Hill.
  4. Kreith F. and Tchobanoglous G., "Handbook of Solid Waste Management", 2 Ed; McGraw Hill.
  5. Pichtel J; "Waste Management Practices: Municipal, Hazardous and Industrial", CRC.

 

Advanced Transport Phenomena

Introduction: Examples; Types/Uses of Control Volumes; Notion of Conservation Principles and Constitutive Laws; Illustrations of Use.Conservation Principles: Mass, Momentum, Energy, Entropy; Alternative Forms; statement of Assumptions. Constitutive Laws: Diffusion Flux Laws/ Coefficients, general constraints; Momentum/ Energy/ Mass Diffusion Laws; Multi-component mass diffusion; Reaction rates, mechanisms, time-scales. Momentum Transport Mechanisms, Rates & Coefficients in CRFS. Energy Transport Mechanisms, Rates & Coefficients in CRFS. Mass Transport Mechanisms, Rates & Coefficients in CRFS. Analogies & Similitude Analyses with Application to CRFS. Problem-Solving Techniques, Aids, Philosophy.

 

Text/ Reference Books:

  •  Rosner, Daniel E; Dover, Transport Processes in Chemically Reacting Flow Systems, 2000.
  •  Robert J. Kee, Michael E. Coltrin, Peter Glarborg, Chemically Reacting Flow: Theory and Practice, Wiley, 2003.
  • R. Byron Bird, Warren E. Stewart and Edwin N Lightfoot, Transport Phenomena, , 2nd Edition, Wiley, 2001.
  • L. Gary Leal,  Advanced Transport Phenomena: Fluid Mechanics and Convective Transport Processes, Cambridge Series in Chemical Engineering

Wastewater Treatment

An Overview of Water and Waste-Water Treatment, What Filtration, Chemical Additives that Enhance Filtration, Selecting the Right Filter Media, Pressure and Cake Filtration, Cartridge and Other Filters Worth Mentioning, Sand Filtration, Sedimentation, Clarification, Flotation, and Coalescence, Membrane , Separation Technologies, Ion exchange and carbon adsorption, Water Sterilization Technologies, Treating the Sludge

 

Text/ Reference Books:

  • ·Nicholas P. Cheremisinoff, Handbook of Water and Wastewater Treatment Technologies, Elseveir
  • ·Karia G.L,Wastewater Treatment: Concepts and Design Approach, Eastern Economy Edition

 

Environmental Risk Assessment

Psychology Of Risk And Uncertainty, Economics Of Risk And Uncertainty, Assessing Risks To Humans From Chemicals In The Environment, Assessing Risks From Chemicals To Ecological Systems, Evaluating Risks From Accidents, Assessing Risks From Gomes To Human Health And Ecosystems, Assessing Risk From Biological Introductions For Ecological Systems, Retrospective Analysis, Ecological Monitoring And Epidemiology, Retrospective Analysis Covering Human Exposure To Environmental Risks, Application Of Risk Assessment In Policy And Legislation - European Union, Application Of Risk Assessment In Policy And Legislation - North America, Valuing Risks, Corporate Chemical Management: A Risk Based Approach, Risk Assessment And Management In The Nuclear Industry, Risk Assessment And Management For Waste Disposal, Risk Assessment And Management In Land Uses And Treatments, Risk Assessment And Management In The Exploitation Of The Seas, Risk Assessment And Management For Inland Waters, Environmental Risk Assessment In Running A Business, Risk Assessment And Management In Product Design, Environmental Risk Assessment In Development Programmes, Liability, Insurance And Environmental Risk, isk Communication, Experience With Risk Management And Policy Development 

 

Text/ Reference Books:

  • Peter P. Calow, Handbook of Environmental Risk Assessment and Management, Wiley

 

Solid Waste Management

Federal Role in Municipal Solid Waste Management, Solid Waste State Legislation, Planning For Municipal Solid Waste Management Programs, Solid Waste Stream Characteristics, Source Reduction: Quantity And Toxicity, Quantity Reduction, Source Reduction: Quantity And Toxicity, Toxicity Reduction, Collection Of Solid Waste, Recycling, Markets And Products For Recycled Material, Household Hazardous Wastes, Other Special Wastes (Batteries, Used Oil, Scrap Tires, Construction And Demolition Debris, Computer And Other Electronic Solid Waste, Composting Of Municipal Solid Wastes, Waste-To-Energy Combustion, Landfilling, Siting Municipal Solid Waste Facilities, Financing And Life-Cycle Costing Of Solid Waste Management Systems

Text/ Reference Books:

  • George Tchobanoglous, Frank Kreith, Handbook of Solid Waste Management, McGRAW-HILL
  • Vesilind P.A., Worrell W. and Reinhart D.R., Solid Waste Engineering, Thomson Books.

 

Construction Material for Corrosion Protection

 Background and Reasons for Using Rubber as a Construction Material, Rubber Compounding, Ebonite-Problems and Solutions, Rubber Lining - Types and Application Procedures, Rubbers and Their Relevant Properties for the Chemical and Mineral Processing Industries,Design Considerations for Fabrication of Equipment Suitable for Rubber Lining, Chemical Process Plants and Equipment, Processibility and Vulcanization Tests, Rubber to Metal Bonding, Vulcanization Technology, Rubber in Seawater Systems, Rubber in Oil Field Environment, Calendaring of Rubber and Coated Rubber Sheets, Molding Technology, Service Life of Rubber-lined Chemical Equipment, Case Studies: Space Shuttle Challenger Disaster Hinkle Reservoir, Ammonium Nitrate Explosion, Pebble Mill.

Text/ Reference Books:

  • V. C. Chandrasekaran, Rubber as a Construction Material for Corrosion Protection: A Comprehensive Guide for Process Equipment Designers, , Wiley
  • Denny A Jones,Principles and Prevention of Corrosion (second edition),PrenticeHall, N. J.(1996).
  • M. G. Fontana, Corrosion Engineering (Third Edition) McGraw-Hill Book Company (NY) (1987).

 

Membrane Separations

Introduction to Membrane Science and Technology, Membrane Structure, Preparation Methods of Membranes, Membrane Shapes and Modules, Characterization of Membrane, Fundamentals of Membrane Transport Phenomena, Phenomena during Membrane Permeation and Separation, Dialysis, Reverse Osmosis, Nan filtration, Ultra filtration, Microfiltration, Comparison of Pressure-Driven Membrane Separation Processes, Forward Osmosis, Evaporation, Evapomeation, Temperature-Difference Controlled Evapomeation, Carrier Transport, Membrane Reactor, Membrane Contactors, Fuel Cell Membranes, Hybrid Systems of the Membrane Separation Process, Optical Resolution by Membranes, Material Separations by Other Membrane Processes.

Text/ Reference Books:

  • Tadashi Uragami, Science and Technology of Separation Membranes, Wiley 
  •  Anil K. Pabby, Syed S.H. Rizvi, Ana Maria SastreRequena, Handbook of Membrane Separations: Chemical, Pharmaceutical, Food, and Biotechnological Applications, CRC Press

 

Process Engineering

Process synthesis, material balances and decision making in reactors with recycle streams, input-output structure of flowsheet for batch vs. continuous reactors, hierarchal approach for process engineering design, reactor and separation system selection guidelines, distillation column sequencing, heat exchanger network design, pinch technology, utility selection, grand composite curve, steam and cooling water circuits, integration of heat pumps and heat engines Process economics: Cost estimation, annuities, perpetuities and present value, tax and depreciation, profitability measures, comparison of equipments and projects, NPV, IRR, risk management. Process modeling tools: Aspen Plus® or Promax that are used in industry for large scale problem solving to undertake problems of current interest.

Text/ Reference Books:

  • Jean-Pierre Dal Pont, Process Engineering and Industrial Management, Wiley
  • James M. Douglas, Conceptual Design of Chemical Processes, New York, NY: McGraw-Hill
  • Robin Smith, Chemical Process: Design and Integration, Wiley.
  • Seider, W. D., J. D. Seader, and D. R. Lewin, Product and Process Design Principles: Synthesis, Analysis, and Evaluation, Wiley.
  • Edgar and Himmelblau, Optimization of Chemical Processes, McGraw Hill.

 

Conversion of Waste to Products

Utilization of waste materials - examples of business successes; designing recycling to preserve innovation; co liquefaction of waste material with coal - a research programme of the Consortium for Fossil Fuel Liquefaction Science. Plastics, polymers, tyres and Automotive Wastes: Advanced Recycling Technologies For Plastics; recycling of polymers from automotive shredder residue; pyrolytic reprocessing of scrap tyres into high-value products; co-processing of coal with waste tyres and polymers - "in situ" electron spin resonance investigations. Biosolids, biomass and municipal solid wastes: fundamentals of hydrothermal pre-treatment of biosolids sludge - feedstock for clean energy; land application of biosolids; ethanol from biomass gasification/fermentation; genetic engineering for productivity in the fermentation of xylose to ethanol; gas recovery and utilization from municipal solid waste landfills; emissions from burning biomass - development of a model; co-processing of coal and paper/lignocellulosic wastes; mathematical analysis of an MSW incinerator.Coal conversion and by-products: selective leaching of coal and coal combustion solids residues; characterization of concretes formulated with blends of Portland cement and oil shale combustion ash; utilization of coal-tar pitch in insulating-seal materials; briquetting anthracite fines for recycling.

 

Text/ Reference Books:

  • M. Rashid Khan, Conversion and Utilization Of Waste Materials, CRC Press

 

Petroleum Reservoir Engineering

Introduction to Petroleum Reservoirs and Reservoir Engineering, Review of Rock and Fluid Properties, General Material Balance Equation, Single-Phase Gas, Gas-Condensate Reservoirs, Undersaturated Oil Reservoirs, Saturated Oil Reservoirs, Single-Phase Fluid Flow in Reservoirs, Water Influx, The Displacement of Oil and Gas, Enhanced Oil Recovery, History Matching

Text/ Reference Books:

  • Ronald Terry, J. Rogers, Applied Petroleum Reservoir Engineering, Pearson
  • Tarek Ahmed, Reservoir Engineer Handbook, Gulf Professional Publishing, Elsevier Inc
  • Craft, B. C., Hawkins, M. F. Jr. & Terry, R.E.: Applied Petroleum Reservoir Engineering, Second Edition, Prentice-Hall, 1991.

 

Separation Processes

Basic Concepts, Distillation and Partial Condensation, Absorption, Adsorption, Drying, Extraction, Solvent Evaporation, Crystallization, Documentation and Calculation of Physical Characteristics

Text/ Reference Books:

  • Klaus SattlerHans Jacob Feindt, Thermal Separation Processes: Principles and Design, Wiley
  • Seader, J. D., and Ernest J. Henley. Separation Process Principles. New York, NY: Wiley, 1998.

 

Heterogeneous Catalysis

Heterogeneous Catalysis, Heterogeneous Catalytic Processes, Physical Chemistry, Elementary Kinetics, The State of the Working Catalyst, Advanced Kinetics: Breakdown of Mean Field Approximation, Molecular Heterogeneous Catalysis, Basic Quantum-Chemical Concepts, Chemical Bonding and Reactivity of Transition Metal Surfaces, Mechanisms of Transition Metal Catalyzed Reactions, Solid Acid Catalysis, Theory and Reaction Mechanisms, Zeolitic Non-Redox and Redox Catalysis, Lewis Acid Catalysis, Reducible Solid State Catalysts

Text/ Reference Books:

  • Rutger A. Santen, Modern Heterogeneous Catalysis: An Introduction, Wiley
  • Bruce Gates, Catalytic Chemistry, Wiley
  • Chorkendorff, J.W Niemantsverdriet, Concept of Modern Catalysis and Kinetics, Wiley

              

Multiphase Reactors

Novel Fluid Catalytic Cracking Processes, Coal Combustion, Coal New Development in Coal Pyrolysis Reactor, Coal Pyrolysis to Acetylene in Plasma Reactor, Multiphase Flow Reactors for Methanol and Diethyl Ether Production, Fischer–Tropic Processes and Reactors,  Methanol to Lower Olefins and Methanol to Propylene, Rector Technology for Methanol to Aromatics, Natural Gas Conversion, Multiphase Reactors for Biomass Processing and Thermochemical Conversions, Chemical Looping Technology for Fossil Fuel Conversion with In Situ CO2 Control

Text/ Reference Books:

  • Yi Cheng (Editor), Fei WeiYong Jin, Multiphase Reactor Engineering for Clean and Low-Carbon Energy Applications, Wiley
  • Doraiswamy, L. K. and D. Uner, Chemical Reaction Engineering: Beyond the Fundamentals, CRC Press.
  • Carberry, J. J. and A. Varma, Marcell-Dekker, Chemical Reaction and Reactor Engineering, (1986).

A warm welcome to the modified and updated website of the Centre for East Asian Studies. The East Asian region has been at the forefront of several path-breaking changes since 1970s beginning with the redefining the development architecture with its State-led development model besides emerging as a major region in the global politics and a key hub of the sophisticated technologies. The Centre is one of the thirteen Centres of the School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi that provides a holistic understanding of the region.

Initially, established as a Centre for Chinese and Japanese Studies, it subsequently grew to include Korean Studies as well. At present there are eight faculty members in the Centre. Several distinguished faculty who have now retired include the late Prof. Gargi Dutt, Prof. P.A.N. Murthy, Prof. G.P. Deshpande, Dr. Nranarayan Das, Prof. R.R. Krishnan and Prof. K.V. Kesavan. Besides, Dr. Madhu Bhalla served at the Centre in Chinese Studies Programme during 1994-2006. In addition, Ms. Kamlesh Jain and Dr. M. M. Kunju served the Centre as the Documentation Officers in Chinese and Japanese Studies respectively.

The academic curriculum covers both modern and contemporary facets of East Asia as each scholar specializes in an area of his/her interest in the region. The integrated course involves two semesters of classes at the M. Phil programme and a dissertation for the M. Phil and a thesis for Ph. D programme respectively. The central objective is to impart an interdisciplinary knowledge and understanding of history, foreign policy, government and politics, society and culture and political economy of the respective areas. Students can explore new and emerging themes such as East Asian regionalism, the evolving East Asian Community, the rise of China, resurgence of Japan and the prospects for reunification of the Korean peninsula. Additionally, the Centre lays great emphasis on the building of language skills. The background of scholars includes mostly from the social science disciplines; History, Political Science, Economics, Sociology, International Relations and language.

Several students of the centre have been recipients of prestigious research fellowships awarded by Japan Foundation, Mombusho (Ministry of Education, Government of Japan), Saburo Okita Memorial Fellowship, Nippon Foundation, Korea Foundation, Nehru Memorial Fellowship, and Fellowship from the Chinese and Taiwanese Governments. Besides, students from Japan receive fellowship from the Indian Council of Cultural Relations.