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MicroSystems Lab (MSL)

MicroSystems Lab (MSL)

MicroSystems Lab



Dr. Poonam Agarwal:


Email ID:

Contact No: (+91) 011 26704772


Correspondence Address:

Dr. Poonam Agarwal,

Assistant Professor,

School of Computer & Systems Sciences,

Jawaharlal Nehru University,

New Delhi, India-110067.


Present Occupation

Assistant Professor in School of Computer and Systems Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India. (04.09.2013- )


Research area:

Triboelectric Energy harvester

Project: Development of Cost-effective Triboelectric Energy Harvester: Performance Enhancement and Systematic Experimental Study

Abstract: A comprehensive experimental study has been performed to develop the reliable cantilever structured TEH device prototypes and further performance enhancements by altering the surface and bulk profile of the PDMS polymer tribo-layer with the cost-effective fabrication process. A cost-effective experimental test set-up has been developed to test the vertical contact-separation mode triboelectric energy harvesting devices for the real-time measurements of input and output parameters with less than 2% uncertainty. A systematic experimental study of resistive load matching and extensive experimental parametric case study has been carried out to correlate the tapping frequency with force excreted by tapping and its effect on TEH performance for a low-frequency range (1Hz to 7Hz).

Fig. Different device prototypes, (a) cantilever design with PDMS layer on top electrode, (b) cantilever design with PDMS layer on the bottom electrode, (c) cantilever design with top electrode Cu attached to the cantilever realised with the insulator (Cardboard and Kapton film) and (d) schematic of self-powered LED system realised with TEH.

Fig. PDMS layer with surface roughness created by soft-lithography.

Fig. voltage output of TEH device

Fig. Self-powered LED system.

Fig. Instantaneous power w.r.t. load resistance.


Project: Non-Destructive Real-Time Glucose Quantification Using 5-Turn eandered Signal Coplanar Sensor Integrated with Circular PDMS Cavity


The experimental demonstration in the prospective application of the novel label-free microwave-based Meandered Signal Coplanar Sensor (MSCS), for the non-destructive quantification of the glucose in aqueous solution, has been presented. The sensor has been designed by embedding 5-turn meander inductor in the signal conductor of a 50_ coplanar waveguide (CPW) transmission line, where the sensing area is configured with Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS). Precursory modelling of the CPW transmission line and the meander inductor have been executed in MATLAB and further optimization has been carried out in 3D CST Microwave Studio Suite 2017 simulator. The experimentally measured magnitude and peak frequency for S11 and S21, respectively, showed good sensitivity of 18.42 dB/g/ml, 265.72 MHz/g/ml, 36.51 dB/g/ml and 1050 MHz/g/ml, respectively. The regression analysis with high linearity of 0.921, 0.944, 0.762, and 0.839, respectively, validated the correlation of the glucose concentration with the magnitude and peak frequency of the S-parameters.

Project: Development of Glucose Biosensor Using Microwave Sensing Technology.

Abstract: My thesis includes design development, design optimization, simulation, and glucose analyzer fabrication using PCB based on microwave sensing technology. The measured result was compared with the simulated result. The measured result is published in the internationally reputed journal.

  • Design and Simulation Experience includes:
  • Design optimization using Microwave CST 2017 software
  • Simulation of optimized design using Microwave CST Studio software
  • Fabrication:
  • Fabricated device on the FR4 material.
  • Interdigital structure is made with the help of local industry.
  • Pouring cavity is made on device in lab.
  • SMA connectors is attached in the lab.
  • Testing of device:
  • Device was tested using vector network analyser in the lab with the different concentration of Glucose solution in the lab.


Abstract: A real-time label-free microwave diagnostic approach using Co-Planar Waveguide (CPW) design has been demonstrated for glucose detection. This mechanism has tremendous potential for the biomedical applications. Here, glucose biosensor is implemented with 50Ω CPW transmission line, where the centre localized 3mm diameter of CPW transmission line has been used for the sensing. Glucose sensor is implemented utilizing low cost multilayer PCB and polymer Poly-Di-Methyl-Siloxane (PDMS) fabrication technology. CPW transmission line is fabricated on FR4 microwave laminate board. To confine the Analyte Under Test (AUT) on the sensing area, PDMS polymer cavity is configured in the centre of CPW transmission line. The electromagnetic interaction with the varying dielectric constant of Glucose: DI water solution results shift in S11 parameter, which is closely observed to use as the source of sensing. CPW based glucose sensor is experimentally measured for S11 parameter using VNA, with varying glucose concentration range from 0 mg/ml (only DI water) to 4 mg/ml with the interval of 1 mg/ml. The measured results showed good sensitivity of 108.4 MHz/mg/ml and high accuracy with good linear regression coefficient of 0.9979.

Design of microwave devices using Machine learning

Project: Prediction of design parameters of Microstrip Transmission Line using Machine Learning techniques.

An artificial neural network (ANN)-based prediction model  has been demonstrated to analyse microstrip transmission line (MTL) for the characteristic impedance, Z0. The ANN predictionmodel will overcome the time and effort  required to design MTL using costly radio frequency (RF) software tools. The ANN  model has been developed using feed forward back propagation (F-F B-P) algorithm with three hidden layers and optimized by gradient descent (GD) optimizer. ANN model has been developed on the dataset built using analytical formulation. The training, validation and test error obtained for the model are 7.197×105, 6.189×105 and 0.66, respectively, demonstrating high accuracy.




Book Chapters:

  1. A Sharma, P Agarwal, Triboelectric Based Kinetic Energy Harvesting Using Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)” book chapter in : From nat. to Nanomaterials: Advances in Polymer Sciences and Technology, Selected Papers from APA 2017,  Gupta, B., Ghosh, A.K., Suzuki, A., Rattan, S. (Eds.) 978-981-13-2567-0, 459714_1_En, (8)

  1. P Agarwal, book Chapter: "MEMS Non-Silicon Fabrication Technologies", in Book, "Sensors and Biosensors, MEMS Technologies and its Applications”, Book Series "Advances in Sensors: Reviews: Vol.2, Edited by Surgey Y .Yurish, IFSA Publisher, Pubdate: 15 April 2013 , ISBN: 978-84-616-4154-3, e-ISBN: 978-84-616-4153-6.


Journal papers


  1. Swati Todi, Poonam Agarwal,Non-destructive Real-time Glucose Quantification using 5-turn Meandered Signal Coplanar Sensor integrated with Circular PDMS Cavity,” IETE Technical Review, October. 2020
  2. A. Sharma, P. Agarwal, "Experimental Study of Resistive Load for Impedance Matching of Triboelectric Energy Harvester Fabricated with Patterned PDMS Polymer Layer", SN Applied Sciences, Vol. 2 , No. 6, 1058, 2020.
  3. A Sharma, P Agarwal, "Performance Enhancement of the Triboelectric Energy Harvester by forming Rough Surface Polymer Film Using Poly-Dimethyl-Siloxane (PDMS) +25wt% Water Solution", International Journal of Digital Signals and Smart Systems. Vol. 4, Nos. 1/2/3, 2020. (extended version of SEEM 2018)
  4. A Sharma, P Agarwal, “Triboelectric Energy Harvester performance enhanced by modifying the tribo-layer with cost-effective fabrication,” Material Research Express 16, 2019
  5. M Sameer, P Agarwal, “Coplanar Waveguide Microwave Sensor for Label-free Real-time Glucose Detection,” Radioengineering, vol. 28, no. 2, June 2019.
  6. Md Zainul Abedeen, P Agarwal, “Microwave Sensing Technique based Label-Free and Real-Time Planar Glucose Analyzer Fabricated on FR4 Real-time Planar Glucose analyzer,” Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 279,132-139, 2018
  7. Poonam Goel, “Review: MEMS non-Silicon Fabrication Technologies,” International Journal of Sensors & Transducers, vol. 139, no. 4, pp. 1-23, April 2012.
  8. Poonam Goel, Anthonisamy C, “Development of MEMS varactor on microwave laminate board for RF applications,” International Journal of Sensors & Transducers, vol. 139, no. 4, pp. 162-173, April 2012.
  9. Poonam Goel, K. J. Vinoy, “A low cost approach for the fabrication of microwave phase shifter on laminates,” Journal of Microsystem Technol, Springer, vol 17, no 10, pp. 1653-1660, 2011, (DOI: 10.1007/s00542-011-1342-7).
  10. Poonam Goel, K. J. Vinoy, “A low-cost phased array antenna integrated with phase shifters co-fabricated on the laminate,” Progress in Electromagnetic Research PIERB, 30, page 255-277, 2011.




  1. Swati Todi, Poonam Agarwal,LC resonator embedded in the CPW transmission line for the glucose sensing in aqueous solution,” accepted 8th International Conference on Signal Processing and Integrated Networks (SPIN 2021), Amity University, Noida, August 26-27, 2021
  2. Hemraj Kumawat, Poonam Agarwal, Artificial Neural Network Model to Predict the Design Parameters of Inset-fed Microstrip Patch Antenna, accepted 8th International Conference on Signal Processing and Integrated Networks (SPIN 2021), Amity University, Noida, August 26-27, 2021
  3. Manish Jha, Poonam Agarwal, “Design of Dual-Band Bandpass Filter on Coplanar Waveguide Using Meander Inductor,” International conference on Electronics and Sustainable Communication Systems (ICESCS 2020), IEEE, 28-30 April, 2020, Hindusthan Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.
  4. Mohammad Ahmad Ansari, Poonam Agarwal and Krishnan Rajkumar, “Artificial Neural Network (ANN) to Design Microstrip Transmission Line,” International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Applications (ICAIA 2020), February 6-7,2020 New Delhi.
  5. Swati Todi, Poonam Agarwal, “Meandered Signal Coplanar Sensor (MSCS),” 7th International Conference on Signal Processing and Integrated Networks (SPIN 2020), Amity University, Noida, February 27-28, 2020
  6. A Sharma, P Agarwal, “Triboelectric Energy Harvester with Patterned PDMS Polymer Layer,” International Meeting on Advanced Technologies in Energy and Electrical Engineering (IMAT3E), Tunis, Tunisia, November 28-29, 2019.
  7. M. Kohali, A Sharma, P Agarwal, Vibrational Electromagnetic Energy Harvester Implementation using Wire Wound Single Layer Planar Coil,” International conference for advanced materials, Energy and environmental Sustainability, ICAMEES, 14-15 December 2018, University of Petroleum & Energy Studies, Dehradun, India
  8. P Agarwal, Glucose Sensor Using Microwave Sensing Technique, Invited Plenary talk in Smart Materials and Nanotechnology, 4-6 October 2018 at Amsterdam.
  9. A Sharma, P Agarwal, “Impact of Rough Surface Morphology of Diluted Poly-DiMethyl-Siloxane (PDMS) Polymer Film on Triboelectric Energy Harvester Performance,” IEEE International Conference on “Sustainable Energy, Electronics & coMputing Systems (SEEMS-2018)”, 26-27 October 2018 at ITS Engineering College, Greater Noida, U.P.
  10. A Sharma, P Agarwal, Triboelectric Based Kinetic Energy Harvesting Using Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS),” International Conference Advances in Polymer Science & Technology, 23-25 November 2017 organized by IIT Delhi, India
  11. Poonam Goel, A. B. Bhattacharyya, “DC inductance modeling of coplanar meander inductor with grounded guard ring,” International conference 2012, 4-7 January 2012, at Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India, NPMASS organizer.
  12. Poonam Goel, K. J. Vinoy, “A low cost fabrication approach for electrostatically actuated phase shifter on printed circuit board for phased array antenna,” National conference on challenges in Micro/Nano Electronics, SIT Tumkur, India, March 26-27, 2010.
  13. Poonam Goel, K. J. Vinoy, “An electrostatically actuated phase shifter on PCB and its demonstration in phased array antenna,” in-house Electrical Engineering Divisional symposium, at IISc Bangalore, India, 23-24 January 2010.
  14. Poonam Goel, K. J. Vinoy, “An electrostatically actuated phase shifter on printed circuit board for a low cost phased array antenna,” National Conference on MEMS, Smart Structures and Materials, at Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute, Kolkata, India, October 14-16, ISSS-2009.

Research grant:


  • DST INPSIRE Faculty award research grant PI
  • UGC-UPE II intra university PI


My Research Group


Current students

  • Amit Sharma: CSIR RA fellow (April 2021-
  • Swati Todi PhD Student (Aug 2018-
  • Mohammad Ahmad Ansari: PhD student (Feb 2021-)
  • Sushma Chaudhary PhD Student (Jan 2021-)
  • Sunil Chatamba MTech (Aug 2020-to June -2021)
  • Subhodh  : MTech (Aug 2020-to June -2021 )


Past Students:




  • Amit Sharma PhD Student: Received CSIR JRF fellowship for his PhD (Aug 2015-Sept 2020)



  • Mohammad Ahmad Ansari: MPhil-PhD student (Aug 2018-Jan 2021)



  • Anjali Ravikrishnan: MTech Project Trainee (Aug 2019- Aug2020)
  • Priya Rai: MTech Project Trainee Aug 2018-June 2019
  • Md Zainul Abedeen  MTech Nanotechnology Jan 2017-July 2017
  • Mayank Kohli MTech Nanotechnology Jan 2017-July 2017 (PhD student at National Chiao Tung University, Taiwan)



  • Hemraj MCA (Feb-june 2021)
  • Vishal: MCA



  • Manish Jha: BTech Project trainee Aug 2018-June 2019
  • Priyanka, Ananya, and Shubhra BTech project Trainee Jan-June 2019

Project staff

  • Sameer Mustafa worked as Project Staff (PhD Student NIT Patna)


Course Development:


New courses:

  • Microfabrication technologies
  • MEMS Technology

  • Digital System Design
  • Embedded Systems
  • VLSI Technology


Courses Taught


  • CS -101 Digital System Design, MCA
  • CS-106 Computer Architecture MCA
  • CS-726 VLSI Technology (Jul-Dec 2015), (Jan-May 2017), (Aug-Dec 2019) (Jan -May2021) (May –Aug 2021) MTech/PhD
  • CS-781 MEMS Technology MTech/PhD
  • CS-770 Wireless sensors Network (May-Aug2021)MTech/PhD
  • CS-402 Computer Fundamentals (Jan 2021-May 2021 (new batch)-June )

2020 Aug-Dec

Microprocessor  (SOE)

2021 Jan-May


  • VLSI Technology MPhil/PhD/MTech
  • Computer fundamentals MCA


2021 May-Aug


  • VLSI Technology (SCNS MTech)
  • Wireless Sensor Network MTech/Mphil/PhD



  • Digital electronics lab
  • Microprocessor (Aug-Dec 2020) BTech
  • PCB fabrication lab

A warm welcome to the modified and updated website of the Centre for East Asian Studies. The East Asian region has been at the forefront of several path-breaking changes since 1970s beginning with the redefining the development architecture with its State-led development model besides emerging as a major region in the global politics and a key hub of the sophisticated technologies. The Centre is one of the thirteen Centres of the School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi that provides a holistic understanding of the region.

Initially, established as a Centre for Chinese and Japanese Studies, it subsequently grew to include Korean Studies as well. At present there are eight faculty members in the Centre. Several distinguished faculty who have now retired include the late Prof. Gargi Dutt, Prof. P.A.N. Murthy, Prof. G.P. Deshpande, Dr. Nranarayan Das, Prof. R.R. Krishnan and Prof. K.V. Kesavan. Besides, Dr. Madhu Bhalla served at the Centre in Chinese Studies Programme during 1994-2006. In addition, Ms. Kamlesh Jain and Dr. M. M. Kunju served the Centre as the Documentation Officers in Chinese and Japanese Studies respectively.

The academic curriculum covers both modern and contemporary facets of East Asia as each scholar specializes in an area of his/her interest in the region. The integrated course involves two semesters of classes at the M. Phil programme and a dissertation for the M. Phil and a thesis for Ph. D programme respectively. The central objective is to impart an interdisciplinary knowledge and understanding of history, foreign policy, government and politics, society and culture and political economy of the respective areas. Students can explore new and emerging themes such as East Asian regionalism, the evolving East Asian Community, the rise of China, resurgence of Japan and the prospects for reunification of the Korean peninsula. Additionally, the Centre lays great emphasis on the building of language skills. The background of scholars includes mostly from the social science disciplines; History, Political Science, Economics, Sociology, International Relations and language.

Several students of the centre have been recipients of prestigious research fellowships awarded by Japan Foundation, Mombusho (Ministry of Education, Government of Japan), Saburo Okita Memorial Fellowship, Nippon Foundation, Korea Foundation, Nehru Memorial Fellowship, and Fellowship from the Chinese and Taiwanese Governments. Besides, students from Japan receive fellowship from the Indian Council of Cultural Relations.